Monday 30 June 2014

Controlled Burning and Removal of Trees Pose Little Risk to Forest Ecology

There’s hot discussion over whether or not or to not conduct controlled burning and the manual removal of trees in our nation’s forests. Supporters of those fuels reduction strategies, that take away extremely ignitable underbrush, argue that they assist lower the severity of wildfires. Meanwhile, opponents say that the treatments will hurt the atmosphere.

New analysis by scientists from the U.S. Forest Service and some universities within the U.S. and Australia has shown that prescribed burning and mechanical dilution is conducted with few negative consequences. The scientists checked out a broad vary of ecological indicators, like animal and bird diversity and soil chemical composition that helped to detail the consequences of those treatments on vegetation, soils, wildlife, bark beetles and carbon sequestration (trees’ ability to capture carbon dioxide).

They found that prescribed burning and mechanical dilution had very little or no result on a forest’s vegetation, soils, wildlife etc. In fact, these treatments exaggerated the diversity of vegetation and improved tree health, creating the trees additional resilient to beetle attacks. Life appeared unaffected or custom-made quickly to the treated areas—some birds and tiny mammals that like shady, dense surround stirred away, whereas others that like additional open environments thrived.

Some communities, notably within the western U.S., are hostile prescribed burning as a result of their involved concerning value and environmental impacts. As a result, alternative strategies to scale back the potential of wildfires, like tree removal, became enticing, particularly if forest managers will retain tree stand health. But, in reality, a mix of each prescribed burning and dilution is required to scale back the severity of wildfires in several forests. (As per the blog of USDA)

Thursday 7 February 2013

Controlled burns history

Controlled burns have a long history in wildland management. Pre-agricultural societies used fire to regulate both plant and animal life. Fire history studies have documented periodic wildland fires ignited by indigenous peoples in North America and Australia.Fires, both naturally caused and prescribed, were once part of natural landscapes in many areas.

Studies have shown that between the mid Holocene and the 19th century AD, wild land fires annually burned between 4.5% and 12% of present-day California's total land, for example. These practices ended in the early 20th century when US fire policies were enacted with the goals of suppressing all fires. Since 1995, the US Forest Service has slowly incorporated burning practices into its forest management policies.

Back burning

Back burning[5] is a way of reducing the amount of flammable material during a bushfire by starting small fires along a man made or natural firebreak in front of a main fire front. It is called back burning because the small fires are designed to 'burn back towards the main fire front'. The basic reason for back burning is so that there is little material that can burn when the main fire reaches the burnt area. The firebreaks that may be used to start a line of fires along could be a river, road or a bulldozed clearing etc.[6]

Friday 17 August 2012

Controlled burn

Controlled burns were first used significantly in the Neolithic Revolution, i.e. about 9–11,000 years ago at the end of the last ice age when hunter gatherers turned to farming. In the developing world, this is often referred to as slash and burn. In addition to forest management, controlled burning is also used in agriculture. In industrialized nations, it is seen as one component of shifting cultivation, as a part of field preparation for planting. Often called field burning, this technique is used to clear the land of any existing crop residue as well as kill weeds and weed seeds. Field burning is less expensive than most other methods such as herbicides or tillage but because it does produce smoke and other fire related pollutants, its use is not popular in agricultural areas bounded by residential housing.

In the United States, field burning is a legislative and regulatory issue at both the Federal and state levels of government.

Tuesday 12 July 2011

Controlled burn

Controlled or prescribed burning, also known as hazard reduction burning or Swailing is a technique sometimes used in forest management, farming, prairie restoration or greenhouse gas abatement. Fire is a natural part of both forest and grassland ecology and controlled fire can be a tool for foresters. Hazard reduction or controlled burning is conducted during the cooler months to reduce fuel buildup and decrease the likelihood of serious hotter fires. Controlled burning stimulates the germination of some desirable forest trees, thus renewing the forest. Some cones, such as sequoia, are serotinous and require heat from fire to open cones to disperse seeds.

In industrialized countries, controlled burning is usually overseen by fire control authorities for regulations and permits. The party responsible must delineate the intended time and place. Obtaining a permit may not limit liability if the fire burns out of control.